The Great Pointe Debate: 3 Approaches to Pointe Training, and the Whys Behind Them

The Kirov Academy's Irina Vakhromeeva teaching class. Photo by Pablo Galli, Courtesy Kirov Academy.

As a pre-professional dancer, you need training that will help you transition as smoothly as possible into the rigorous environment of a professional ballet company. Among other considerations, that means developing strong and seamless pointework. Chances are, you're spending a lot of your classes and rehearsal time in pointe shoes right now.

That said, there are real philosophies behind the role that pointework plays in class. You may be required to wear pointe shoes throughout all of your regular technique classes; or perhaps your studio prefers you to wear flat shoes for barre before putting pointe shoes on for center, or to spend the entire class in ballet slippers, offering separate pointe classes instead. With such differences in training methods, you may feel that you're missing out on something. Luckily, each of these approaches is designed to strengthen you as a dancer—they just accomplish that goal in different ways. Pointe spoke to faculty members at four prestigious ballet academies for added insight into each philosophy.


Save Pointe Shoes for Pointe Class

At Central Pennsylvania Youth Ballet in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, advanced students wear slippers throughout their technique classes. But CPYB school principal Alecia Good-Boresow notes that students are still getting plenty of pointework. "They're in a separate pointe class six days a week," she says. "Then, they'll often have several hours of rehearsal. On Saturdays, they might spend three to five hours in pointe shoes."

So why not wear pointe shoes in technique class? "We want our students to really feel the floor in flat slippers, especially in center exercises," says Good-Boresow. "When you're jumping, you need to learn how to land quietly, rolling through your toes, the ball of your foot and then the heel, while still getting the maximum height of the jump. Also, jumping in pointe shoes can shorten the depth of your plié, and we want dancers to experience the full extent of their demi-plié."

Most of CPYB's pointe classes take place immediately following technique class, so students are already warm. "We believe that putting on pointe shoes with fully warmed-up feet, calves and Achilles tendons helps our students sustain their bodies," Good-Boresow explains. After about a half hour of standard pointe exercises like relevés and échappés at the barre and in the center, the remainder of class is spent doing dancier phrases. "We want students to be able to do anything they'd do in their ballet slippers on pointe."

Technique Class On Pointe

CPYB students taking pointe class. Photo by Rosalie O'Connor, Courtesy CPYB.

On the opposite end of the spectrum, the School of American Ballet in New York City has students in its advanced level—generally age 15 and up—wear pointe shoes in every technique class, including at the barre. It's a tradition that comes from George Balanchine himself. "Mr. Balanchine wanted our pointe shoes to feel like a second skin," says Kay Mazzo, co-chairman of faculty at SAB and a graduate of the school. "Dancing in them should never feel foreign."

Wearing pointe shoes from the start of class pushes students to develop the same facility they'd have in their flat shoes. That facility is vital when performing Balanchine's repertoire, which is known for its fast, articulate footwork. "To dance Balanchine's ballets, students have to learn how to use their toes and roll through their feet in pointe shoes," Mazzo explains. "We work on gently caressing the floor rather than letting the shoe hit the floor with a bang."

It's important to note that wearing pointe shoes for technique class is not the same as taking a pointe class. Barre exercises at SAB are designed to warm dancers' feet up, rather than to force them into weight-bearing pointework before they're ready. "From the start—tendus, jetés, ronds de jambe—we're working the feet," Mazzo says. Because of this extensive warm-up, she feels that Balanchine training can help students build strength and avoid injury. "Dancing in pointe shoes forces you to pull up and find your balance, even standing on flat," she says. "From barre onward, you're getting stronger and stronger."

The Middle Ground

There's quite a bit of gray area between these two philosophies. At the Kirov Academy of Ballet in Washington, DC, pre-professional students will often change into pointe shoes for center exercises in addition to their separate pointe classes. "I don't have them on pointe at the beginning of class because they need to warm up every muscle first," says Irina Vakhromeeva, a classical ballet instructor at the school. "The whole body should be ready to go on pointe—not just the feet."

She adds that on certain days, she might not have students wear pointe shoes for center at all. Her decision might depend on the repertoire they're currently rehearsing, as well as on any technique concerns she wants to address, such as rolling in. "If we put our feet in first position, all five toes must be on the floor. Sometimes in pointe shoes it can be hard to feel this." Students are still in pointe shoes for several hours a day, so Vakhromeeva doesn't feel anything is lost by having them take class in slippers.

At Ballet Academy East in New York City, whether or not advanced dancers wear pointe shoes for technique class is often left to the teacher's discretion. "If they don't have a pointe class that day because of rehearsals, we might focus on pointework in center," says Cheryl Yeager, a senior faculty member. "On an individual basis, I might tell a dancer to put her pointe shoes on for center—or to leave them off, if I want to work on something like higher jumps. We don't have a set policy. In general, our advanced dancers know when they should be wearing pointe shoes and when they should take a break. It's fluid, rather than black and white."

Francisco Estevez, Courtesy Colorado Ballet Academy

When you're looking for a ballet program to take you to the next level, there are a lot of factors to consider. While it's tempting to look for the biggest name that will accept you, the savvy dancer knows that successful training has more to do with the attention and opportunities you'll get.

We put together a few of the most important things for dancers to look for in a summer or year-round training program, with the help of the experts at Colorado Ballet Academy:

Keep reading... Show less
Everything Nutcracker
Pennsylvania Ballet demi-soloist Thays Golz as the Sugar Plum Fairy during a stage rehearsal for George Balanchine's Nutcracker. All photography by Arian Molina Soca.

For many professional ballet dancers, Nutcracker means weeks of performances. That usually translates to multiple casts—and important breakout opportunities for those in the junior ranks. On the afternoon of December 13, Pennsylvania Ballet demi-soloist Thays Golz made her debut as the Sugar Plum Fairy along with her Cavalier, corps member Austin Eylar. For the Brazilian-born dancer, who joined PAB in 2018 after two seasons at Houston Ballet, Sugar Plum marks one of her first principal roles.

"I'm really excited," says Golz. PAB artistic director Angel Corella appointed 12 casts of Sugar Plum Fairies over the run's 29 performances. "When I first found out, I was like, 'Pinch me!' I still can't believe it."

We caught up with Golz just before her debut to see how she prepared for her big break.

Keep reading... Show less
Rosalie O'Connor, Courtesy US Prix de Ballet

The US Prix de Ballet is taking an unconventional approach to the ballet competition—by putting the competitors' health first. After a successful first year in 2018, the Prix is returning to San Diego, CA this February with an even more comprehensive lineup of wellness workshops and master classes, in addition, of course, to the high-level competition.

Though the talent is top-notch, the environment is friendly, says HARID Conservatory faculty member Victoria Schneider, who serves on US Prix de Ballet's elite panel of judges. "The wellbeing of the dancer is the main focus," says Schneider, who awarded three scholarships to HARID at last year's competition.

US Prix de Ballet was born after its founders traveled to the Japan Grand Prix International Ballet Competition in 2016. "The company ran every aspect of the competition with professionalism, dignity, honor and precision," says founder Neisha Hernandez. "We knew we wanted this level of experience for America."

Keep reading... Show less